The art of treillage dates back to Antiquity and the Roman empire. After being neglected for decades, latticework reappeared in the second half of the 19th century when major gardens and parks had to be restored. Artificial treillage became a real substitute for natural treillage (originally made out vines, leaves and bushes…)
The main and first goal of treillage was to give gardens a timeless appearance. People could then appreciate their outdoor decor at any time of the year, forgetting about the seasonal change. The ancient techniques of manufacture and assembly, that are still used today, ensure the permanent quality of the latticework. Treillage is a work on space (geometrical and architectural aspect of the work) and a work on time (latticework remains unchanged all year long).
It wasn’t until the 17th century, under the reign of Louis XIV, that the art of treillage would rise to unseen heights. The King hired André Le Nôtre, then an emerging landscape architect, to design his garden at the Château de Versailles. Le Nôtre created an elaborate design that would soon become the most impressive formal French garden the world had ever known.
Le Nôtre and other landscape architects like him relied heavily on forced perspective to bring a sense of grandeur to the garden. While it would have taken years for hedges and topiaries to grow to full maturity, treillage brought instant architecture, impressive scale and elegant formality to a newly built landscape.
Today, the legacy of treillage lives on, as designers and architects throughout the world embrace it to give elegance and beauty to facades, gardens as well as indoor spaces.